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What is MBBS?

MBBS or the Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery is a professional degree for those who wish to practice medicine. It is a 5 years and 6 months course which includes 1 year of internship. The syllabus of this course is designed in a way which allows the students to choose a specific subject for further education as well as practice.

Considered to be the most notable degree for studying medical sciences, MBBS focuses on preparing the students for a career in healthcare. It is the only degree valid that is needed to become a doctor. 

MBBS is a 5.5 year long programme which also includes a one year internship at health centres, hospitals or NGO health camps. The syllabus includes studies on subjects such as pharmacology, anatomy, pathology, paediatrics, community health & medicine, surgery, etc. Career specialisations in MBBS include Cardiology, Gynecology, Nephrology, Anesthesiology, Organ Transplant, General Surgery, Endocrine, etc. 

Eligibility Criteria

The following are the basis eligibility criterions that a student must possess in order to apply for an MBBS programme:

  • Students must have cleared their 10th and 12th examinations with at least 50% marks from any recognized or board with subjects such as Chemistry, Physics, Zoology or Botany. English should be taken as the main subject.
  • Students must be of at least 17 years of age at the time of application.
  • It is mandatory to qualify in the required MBBS entrance examination. Students who belong to the reserved category should have attained at least 40% marks.
  • Students are also required to fulfill all the additional eligibility criterions as mentioned by MCI or the Medical Council of India.

Skills Required

Every medical aspirant must possess some basic skills to become a successful medical practitioner:

  • Capability to work in dynamic and critical environments
  • Patience and perseverance
  • Communication interpersonal skills
  • Medical ethics and professionally committed
  • Medical writing skills
  • Empathetic and approachable skills
  • Scientific development and research skills
  • Prompt approach and a sharp memory
  • A caring nature and counselling skills
  • Desire for new researches and knowledge

Why Study MBBS?

MBBS helps a student in preparing for their future as a healthcare specialist. The programme provides several advantages over the other courses:

  • It helps the student in learning thoroughly about human anatomy.
  • MBBS is the most sought-after  degree for medical aspirants. It is popular throughout the world. Thereby, the career options after MBBS are quite extensive as students can study or practice in any place they want.
  • An MBBS programme offers several specializations to the students. They can pick their choice of subject from the various options available.

Subjects in MBBS

MBBS is not only about learning medical healthcare, but it also includes understanding medical ethics and gaining practical knowledge through internships. The following are the main subjects included in the MBBS course:

Biochemistry

Obstetrics and Gynecology

Forensic Medicine and Toxicology

Otorhinolaryngology

Pathology

Dermatology and Venereology

Anesthesiology

Ophthalmology

Anatomy

Medicine

Physiology

Orthopaedics

Microbiology

Psychiatry

Pharmacology

Paediatrics

MBBS Syllabus

MBBS is a 5.5 year programme which covers an entire year of internship. The syllabus includes every subject and skill that is required to be a doctor.

SEMESTERS

SUBJECTS COVERED

Semesters 1 to 2 (Pre-Clinical)

Biochemistry

Anatomy

Physiology

Semesters 3 to 5 (Para-Clinical)



Forensic Medicine

Community Medicine

Pathology

Microbiology

Pharmacology

Clinical postings in the Wards

Semesters 6-9 (Clinical)

Medicine and allied subjects

Community Medicine

Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Surgery and allied subjects

Pediatrics

Clinical postings

MBBS Course Content

The following table highlights the course content of an MBBS programme:

ANATOMY

Embryology and Genetics

Neuroanatomy

Gross anatomy

Microanatomy

BIOCHEMISTRY

Biological cell

Biomolecules

Food assimilation and nutrition

Molecular Biology

Enzymes

Metabolic pathways

Hormones

Cancer and cancer makers

PHYSIOLOGY

Respiratory System

Cardiovascular System

General Physiology

Nerve–Muscle

Gastrointestinal System

Reproduction

PHARMACOLOGY

Central nervous system

Cardiovascular system

General Pharmacology

Autonomic nervous system and Peripheral nervous system

Autacoids

Chemotherapy

PATHOLOGY

General Pathology

Systemic Pathology

MBBS Entrance Exams

Students who wish to pursue MBBS, must appear for NEET or the State MBBS exams. NEET consists of three sections: Physics, Chemistry and Biology. The paper consists of 180 questions where each correct answer adds 4 marks to your score and every incorrect answer deducts 1 mark. The paper is MCQ type.

  • Admission to MBBS is based on the NEET score of the student.
  • The NEET question paper is for the students in  11 different languages.
  • The entire curriculum of NEET consists of the topics which are a part of the science subjects of class 11 and 12.

Medical aspirants can appear for the exams in the following states for studying MBBS- Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Karnataka, Meghalaya, Gujarat, Telangana, Pondicherry, Delhi and Rajasthan.

MBBS Scope and Future Prospects

Paediatrician: A Paediatrician specialises in treating children and examining their growth and development. They provide complete diagnosis and treatment of illnesses in children. 

General Physician: A general physician examines, diagnoses and cures the illnesses of patients. MBBS pass outs can commence their career with being a general physician.

Medical Assistant (Surgery): MBBS pass outs can perform surgeries on patients in specializations such as oncology, nephrology, cardiology, dermatology, gynaecology, neurology and ophthalmology. 

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