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B.Tech is an undergraduate engineering programme which is considered one of the most popular degree courses and as a result, the number of B Tech graduates comprise a significant part of the workforce in the economy. Students willing to apply for the course must qualify their Class 10 or 12 with a minimum percentage of marks as stated by the college.  It is compulsory for the aspirants to have Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics as compulsory subjects to get admission in a B. Tech course in any college of the country. Students who have completed a diploma course are also eligible to apply for this programme.

B.Tech or Bachelor of Technology. B. Tech is offered by various engineering colleges across India including top universities like IIT and NIT. Some of the colleges and universities also offer B.E. or Bachelor of Engineering as an alternate name for the course of B. Tech. For B.E. or B.Tech, the names of the degree may be different but the course structure and teaching methodology is same for both. India is one of the largest producers of professional engineers throughout the world. 


As B. Tech is one of the most popular courses giving thousands of student employment every year, hence, the competition to get admission in a good college offering B. Tech is very tough. There are a large number of entrance exams conducted by different colleges and institutions for the purpose of granting admission to the engineering aspirants. Some of the most popular engineering entrance tests are JEE Main, JEE Advanced, AIEEE, etc. Based on the performance of the students in the entrance tests, a majority of applicants are shortlisted for interview, group discussions and counselling. WBJEE is a West Bengal based Joint Entrance Examination conducted by the Government of West Bengal. Large number of private Universities conduct their separate entrance examinations to admit students. 


  1. Tech is a four-year programme with a semester based examination structure which includes both theoretical studies and practical training. It gives a greater focus on practical skill development. 



Presently, internships, industrial visits and training have gained much importance in the B.Tech curriculum. The degree offers various types of specializations in domains or disciplines of: - 

  1. Chemical Engineering 
  2. Civil Engineering 
  3. Electrical Engineering 
  4. Mechanical Engineering 
  5. Interdisciplinary engineering specializations
  • Aerospace engineering
  • Agricultural engineering
  • Applied engineering
  • Biomedical engineering
  • Biomedical nanoengineering
  • Biological engineering
  • Building services engineering
  • Energy engineering
  • Railway engineering
  • Industrial engineering
  • Mechatronics engineering
  • Engineering management
  • Military engineering
  • Nano engineering
  • Nuclear engineering
  • Petroleum engineering
  • Project engineering
  • Software engineering
  • Systems engineering
  • Textile engineering

These are some of the specializations which are mostly opted for by the students in India. Since engineering is an emerging profession, therefore there are many more specializations that are evolving with time. In India, B. Tech courses are also offered together with M. Tech, LLB and other post graduates courses to form dual degree courses. This helps in producing expert professionals for the economic workforce of the country. A major portion of the students are opting for these dual courses. 



Almost all the colleges offering B. Tech in India offer campus placements to the students with good salary packages. Students may also take up jobs in the Public Sector by clearing exams conducted by the government to intake engineers.  


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